Personality Disorders: Frequently Asked Questions

By: Sam Vaknin

Narcissistic, Borderline, Antisocial, Histrionic, Schizoid, Schizotypal, Paranoid, Masochistic, Sadistic,  Negativistic (Passive-Aggressive), Avoidant, Obsessive-Compulsive, Histrionic, and Other Personality Disorders


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I. General Overview

II. Specific Personality Disorders

III. Differential Diagnoses, Misdiagnoses, and Comorbidity

IV. Issues related to Personality Disorders

V. Other Resources


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Frequently Asked Questions

I. General Overview

II. Specific Personality Disorders

IIa. Case Studies

III. Differential Diagnoses, Misdiagnoses, and Comorbidity

IV. Issues related to Personality Disorders

V. Other Resources

(Click on the blue-coloured titles to access the FAQs):

I. General Overview

What is Personality

Brain and Personality Disorders

The Normal Personality

Psychosis, Delusions, and Personality Disorders

The Insanity Defense and Personality Disorders

Addiction and Personality

Psychosexual Stages of Development

Personality Disorders

Diagnosing Personality Disorders

Differential Diagnoses

The DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) - Pros and Cons

What Changed in the DSM-IV?

ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases)

Axes of Mental Health Disorders in DSM

Common Features of Personality Disorders

Psychological Theories

The History of Personality Disorders

Gender and Personality Disorders

The Genetic Roots of Personality Disorders

Body Language and Personality Disorders

Sex and Personality Disorders

Psychological Tests and Interviews

Psychological Signs and Symptoms

MMPI-2 Diagnostic Test

MCMI-III Diagnostic Test

Rorschach Inkblots Test

TAT Diagnostic Test

PCL-R Test

Structured Interviews

Disorder-specific Tests

The Five Factor Model

Personality Factor Models

Psychological Defense Mechanisms

Therapy and Treatment of Personality Disorders

Eclectic Psychotherapy

The Hateful Patient

II. Specific Personality Disorders

The Psychopathological Default

Pathological Narcissism and Personality Disorders

Cluster B Personality Disorders

Narcissistic Personality Disorder - Diagnostic Criteria

Narcissistic Personality Disorder - Prevalence and Comorbidity

Narcissistic Personality Disorder - Clinical Features

The Narcissist in Therapy

The Syphilitic Narcissist

Is the Narcissist Legally Insane?

Conduct Disorder

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Narcissist vs. Psychopath

The Psychopath, Sociopath, and Antisocial

Histrionic Personality Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder

The Delusional Way Out

The Schizoid Personality

Schizoid Personality Disorder

Avoidant Personality Disorder

Codependence, Counterdependence and Dependent Personality Disorder

The Inverted Narcissist

Paranoid Personality Disorder

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

Personality Disorders Not Otherwise Specified (NOS)

Sadistic Personality Disorder

Masochistic Personality Disorder

Depressive Personality Disorder

Negativisitic (Passive-Aggressive) Personality Disorder

The Roots of Pedophilia

The Incest Taboo

Homosexuality and Narcissism

Stable (Narcissism) or Unstable (Borderline)

IIa. Case Studies

The Narcissist

The Psychopath

The Paranoid

The Borderline

The Schizoid

The Histrionic

The Avoidant

The Schizotypal

The Obsessive-Compulsive

The Dependent

Negativistic (Passive-Aggressive)

The Masochist

The Sadist

The Depressive

III. Differential Diagnoses, Misdiagnoses, and Comorbidity

Eating Disorders and Personality Disorders

Misdiagnosing Personality Disorders as Eating Disorders

Misdiagnosing Personality Disorders as The Bipolar I Disorder

Misdiagnosing Narcissism as The Bipolar I Disorder

Misdiagnosing Personality Disorders as Asperger's Disorder

Misdiagnosing Narcissism as Asperger's Disorder

Misdiagnosing Personality Disorders as Anxiety Disorders

Misdiagnosing Narcissism as Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Narcissism, Substance Abuse, and Reckless Behaviors

Co-morbidity of Personality Disorders

Narcissism, Psychosis, and Delusions

Use and Abuse of Differential Diagnoses 


IV. Issues related to Personality Disorders

Acute Anger and Psychopathology

Empathy and Personality Disorders

Victims' Reactions to Abuse

Treatment Modalities and Psychotherapies

Object Relations - The Psychology of Mass and Serial Killers

Serial Killers and Personality Disorders

Narcissism, Ethnic or Religious Affiliation, Terrorism

The Psychodynamic Roots of Terrorism

Collective Narcissism

Narcissistic Leaders

Narcissism in the Boardroom

The Myth of Mental Illness

The Insanity of the Defense

In Defense of Psychoanalysis

The Talented Mr. Ripley - The Antisocial PD

The Metaphors of the Mind - Part I (The Brain)

The Metaphors of the Mind - Part II (Psychotherapy)

The Metaphors of the Mind - Part III (Dreams)

Other Resources

Personality Disorders - in the Open Site Encyclopedia

Abusive Relationship Newsletter


Narcissism Book of Quotes

Excerpts from "Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited"

The Developmental Psychology of Psychopathology

Conundrums of Psychology

Narcissistic and Psychopathic Leaders

Abuse, Trauma, and Torture - Their Consequences and Effects

Chats and Interviews

Financial Times: When narcissism becomes pathological (click HERE to download the article)

HealthyPlace Narcissism and Abuse Videos


Narcissists as Abusers TV Shows

(Click "On Demand" at the bottom of the player and select the relevant shows on narcissism and abuse)

HealthyPlace CHAT with Sam Vaknin

Relationships with Abusive Narcissists CHAT

Narcissists in the Workplace Chat Transcript

WhoHub Interview

Help Me Rhonda! radio talk show on narcissists

Listen to an Interview with Monda Williams

Audrey Michelle Talks to Sam Vaknin – Click HERE, HERE, HERE, or HERE

Listen to an Interview with Phil Hendrie - Part I, Part II

WebMD Chat with Sam Vaknin

Mental Health Today Chat

 Dialogs about Narcissism and Abuse


New Narc City - Interview in the New York Press

Listen to an INTERVIEW with Sam Vaknin

Listen to Network Courage Interview: HERE and HERE

Listen to Conversations with a Narcissist - Click HERE for MP3

ABC Radio Psychopaths in Suits - Listen or Read Transcript

Narcissism - Listen to the Infinite Mind Radio Show

Mirror, Mirror - Interview with the Toronto Sun

The Monster in the Mirror (Sunday Times)

More! Magazine: Has your man got a cheating disorder

Egomania (Channel 4 Documentary in the United Kingdom) - Wikipedia Entry

I, Psychopath (Documentary) - CBC and IMDB (Vaknin and "I, Psychopath")

HealthyPlace Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) Community

Case Studies on the Psychopath and Narcissist Survivors Support Group

Ask Sam on the Psychopath and Narcissist Survivors Support Group

Ask Sam on the Narcissistic Abuse Recovery Forum

 Click HERE to download a ZIP file with  interviews, chat transcripts, dialogs, bibliographies, and scholarly articles

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Sam Vaknin is certified in Psychological Counseling Techniques by Brainbench
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The content of this Web site is based on correspondence since 1996

With hundreds of people suffering from the Narcissistic Personality Disorder (narcissists)

And with thousands of their family members, friends, therapists, and colleagues.